“The continued strength of merchandise imports, buoyed by purchases of capital goods and durable goods, hints of a robust economic performance in the second quarter. In particular, the double-digit growth of capital goods since September 2015 points towards sustained business sector confidence while robust imports of durable consumer goods point towards strong consumer confidence,” said Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Emmanuel F. Esguerra.
In April 2016, capital goods registered double-digit growth for the eighth consecutive month, growing by 56.7-percent to US$2.2 billion. This was due to stronger demand for telecommunication equipment and electrical machinery, power generating machines, and land transport equipment.
“The trend is expected to continue for the rest of the year especially given that the incoming administration has vowed to continue infrastructure spending. Also, a renewed focus on the manufacturing sector could further boost demand for capital goods,” the Cabinet official said.
Also, imports for raw materials and intermediate goods increased by 28.9-percent to US$2.5 billion, bouncing back from a modest 5.3-percent growth in the previous month.
“Consumer spending is also expected to support the growth of merchandise imports in the coming years, especially if the incoming administration pushes through with reforms to make income taxes more progressive,” said Esguerra, who is also NEDA Director-General.
Imports of consumer goods increased by 21.3-percent to US$1.1 billion in April 2016. This is due to higher spending for durable goods such as passenger cars and motorized cycles, home appliances, and miscellaneous manufactures.
“The sustained increase in imports of passenger cars, reflects an important finding of the AmBisyon Natin 2040 that most Filipinos aspire for car ownership. However it could also be due to their bad experience with public transportation. Given this, implementation of road infrastructure and mass transport projects needs to be accelerated. Problems with respect to licensing and vehicle registration also need to be addressed,” he said.
Meanwhile, imports of petroleum crude are still expected to contribute positively to imports growth towards the end of the year. The foreseen gradual recovery in oil prices could reduce pressure on the economies of net oil exporting countries, particularly those in the Middle East.
“Also, as trade volume picks up, a long-term solution to the congestion in seaports becomes even more imperative. Implementation of the trade facilitation provisions of the recently signed Customs Modernization and Tariff Act will help smoothen the flow of goods through Customs,” he added.□