Negros is an island in the Philippines which is the fourth largest in the country and the second largest in the Visayas, with a total land area of 13,309.6 square kilometres. It is located between the islands of Panay and Guimaras to the west and Cebu to the east, with Siquijor located on the toe of the island and the islands of Bantayan to the north Negros is one of the islands that comprise the Visayas, which forms the central division of the country.

As an administrative region, it is officially named the Negros Island Region, also abbreviated as NIR or Region 18, comprising the provinces of Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental along with 18 component cities, 38 municipalities, and 1,219 barangays.

Inhabitants of the island region are mainly called Negrenses (locally Negrosanons).

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