PROFILE OF REGION 1
The Ilocos Region or Region I (Ilokano: Rehion ti Ilokos, Pangasinan: Rihiyon na Sagor na Baybay na Luzon) of the Philippines is located in the northwestern region portion of Luzon. It is bounded by the Cordillera Administrative Region and Cagayan Valley to the east, Central Luzon to the south and by the South China Sea to the west.
The province of Pangasinan composes 58% of the region's population, 42% of its area and 61% of its economy.
The region is composed of four provinces, namely: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union and Pangasinan. Its regional center is San Fernando City, La Union. The Ilocano speaking people compose 66% of the region, the Pangasinan speaking people compose 27%, and the Tagalogs compose 3%.
Region I occupies the narrow plain between the Cordillera Central mountain range and the South China Sea. It also occupies the northern portion of the Central Luzon plain, to the north-east of the Zambales Mountains.
Lingayen Gulf is the most notable body of water in the region and it contains a number of islands, including the Hundred Islands National Park. To the north of the region is Luzon Strait.
The Agno river runs through Pangasinan and empties into the Lingayen Gulf. The river flow into a broad delta in the vicinity of Lingayen and Dagupan City.
The Ilocos provinces of the Ilocos Region is the historical homeland of the Ilocanos including Former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos. The Ilocanos compose 66% of the region, the Pangasinan people compose 27%, and the Tagalogs compose 3%.
Pangasinan is the historical homeland of the Pangasinenses including Former Philippine President Fidel Ramos. The population of Pangasinan comprises approximately 60% of the total population of the region. The Pangasinenses presently constitute around 50% of the population of the province. The Ilocanos were not originally inhabitants of Pangasinan. They started migrating to Pangasinan in the 19th century. Pangasinan was formerly a province of Region III (Central Luzon), but President Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 1, 1972, incorporating it into Region I. Minority groups include the Tinggian and Isneg communities that inhabit the foothills of the Cordillera mountains.
The population is predominantly Roman Catholic with strong adherents of Protestantism such as the Aglipayan denomination further north of the country. There are also adherents to other Christian denominations, such as Iglesia ni Cristo, Mormons, and the like. There is also an undercurrent of traditional animistic beliefs especially in rural areas. The small mercantile Chinese and Indian communities are primarily Buddhists, Taoists, and Hindus.
Although the economy in the southern portion of the region, esp. Pangasinan, is anchored on agro-industrial and service industry, the economy in the northern portion of the region is anchored in the agricultural sector. The economy in Pangasinan is driven by agro-industrial businesses , such as milkfish (bangus) cultivation and processing, livestock raising, fish paste processing (bagoong), and others. At the same time the importance of trading, financial services, and educational services in the economy cannot be denied. Income in the Ilocos provinces or northern portion mostly come from cultivating rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, and fruits; raising livestock such as pigs, chicken, goats, and carabaos (water buffalos).
The distribution of the economic activity in the region may be seen from the collection of tax revenue of the national government. The bulk of the collections come from Pangasinan, which posted 61% of the total.
The service and light manufacturing industries are concentrated in the cities. Dagupan City is mostly driven by its local entrepreneurs, which have started to expand its network up to the national level. San Fernando City in La Union also has an active shipping port and Laoag City in Ilocos Norte has an international airport.
The tourism industry, driven by local airlines and land transportation firms in the area like Farinas Transit Company and Partas, focuses on the coastal beaches and on eco-tourism. There are fine sands stretching along Bauang, La Union and the rest of the region. Opportunities to engage in other water sports and activities abound. Eco-tourism takes advantage of the marine and forest resources in the region and displays the natural beauty of the Region 1.
The region is also rich in crafts, with renowned blanket-weaving and pottery.The Ilocanos' burnay pottery is well known for its dark colored clay.
San Nicolas Church
Sinking Belltower, Laoag City
Fort Ilocandia Hotel
Paoay Golf Course
Malacanang Of The North
Ilocos Norte Capitol
Cape Bojeador Lighthouse
Ilocos Norte Museum
Juan Luna Shrine
Ricarte Park and Shrine
Dap-ayan, Laoag, Ilocos Norte Food Court and Ilocos Norte Products
La Paz Sandunes, Laoag, Ilocos Norte Fine Sandunes
Vigan Spanish House
Ilocos Sur Capitol
Santa Maria Church
La Union Capitol
La Union Botanical Garden
Wallace Air Station
Thunderbird Resort and Casino
La Union Surfing Capital (San Juan)
The Shrine of Our Lady of Manaoag
San Carlos City Plaza
San Juan River in San Carlos City
Bonuan Blue Beach in Dagupan City
Manleluag Spring National Park
Sanctuario de Senor Divino Tesoro
Lingayen Gulf War Museum
Oceanographic Marine Laboratory
Red Arrow Marker of the WWII 32nd US Infantry Division
Rock Garden Resort
St. John Cathedral Garden
Caves in Bolinao
Boat ride in Pantal River
Narciso Ramos Sports and Civic Center
Hundred Islands Marine Sanctuary
Tambobong White Beach
Information Communication Technology (ICT)
E-bamboo (Engineered Bamboo)