WTO PH Trade Policy Review
The WTO Trade Policy Review Body Chairman, Ambassador Juan Carlos Gonzales of Colombia, Discussant, Ambassador Stephen de Boer of Canada with Members of the Philippine Delegation (composed of representatives from the Departments of Trade and Industry, Foreign Affairs, Agriculture, and Finance, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Food Authority, the Government Procurement Policy Board, the IPOPHL, and the Philippine Permanent Missions to the WTO and the United Nations).
Date of release: 02 April 2018

Member economies of the World Trade Organization (WTO) praised the Philippines’ economic performance as it completes its 5th Trade Policy Review in the World Trade Organization on 26 and 28 March 2018 in Geneva, Switzerland. The Review evaluates the country’s trade policy regime from 2012 to 2017.
DTI Undersecretary Ceferino S. Rodolfo headed the Philippine delegation, with Undersecretary for International Economic Relations and Philippine Ambassador-Designate to the WTO Manuel A.J. Teehankee heading the DFA contingent. Undersecretary Rodolfo highlighted the Philippines economic performance during the review period and the government’s initiatives that were designed to achieve the goals of zero poverty and inclusive growth and to deepen policy reforms that ensure a more open economy, and an enabling business environment, devoid of any red tape. He also emphasized the work done by the country on its MSME advocacies and FTA engagements.

Ambassador Juan Carlos Gonzales, Colombia’s Permanent Representative and Chairperson of the Trade Policy Review Body of the WTO, recognized that the Review offered an excellent opportunity for other WTO Members to deepen their understanding of the trade, economic, and investment policies of the Philippines, pointing out that more than 330 questions from 22 Members were submitted to the Philippines during the review process. Ambassador Gonzales noted that: Members praised the Philippines for its strong commitment to preserve and strengthen the multilateral trading system, and its active role to advance the negotiations in areas such as fisheries subsidies, …Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs).

The WTO Report highlighted the Philippines 6.6% six-year average GDP growth from 2012 to 2017 and expressed optimism with President Duterte’s 10-point socio-economic agenda. In 2017, the country’s total trade amounted to USD 142 billion, up by 10% from 2016 and by 35% if compared in 2012. Quite significantly, in 2015, poverty incidence was reported at an all time low of 21.6%, as compared to 25.2% in 2012at the beginning of the review period.

Other critical reforms that were pursued in the country during the Review period includes the Customs Modernization and Tariff Act, the Philippine Competition Act and the creation of the Philippine Competition Commission, the liberalization of several key economic sectors, the amendment of the Cabotage Principle of the 1957 Tariff and Customs Code through the Foreign Ships Co-Loading Act, the lowering of tariff duties on IT-related products, the amendments to the Intellectual Property Code, and Project Repeal.”

Ambassador Stephen de Boer, Canada’s Permanent Representative and the Discussant during the Review, complimented the great steps undertaken by the country during the review period. He lauded the Philippines’ commitment to institutions (such as APEC, ASEAN, and the WTO) and commended the country’s strong economic performance over the last few years. He also advised the Government to further liberalize its policies in foreign direct investments and government procurement.
The Trade Policy Review acts as the WTO’s mechanism to better understand each Member’s trade and economic policies, and serves as a platform to openly discuss and share each Member’s respective successes and challenges. Delegates from WTO economies recommended further liberalization of the entry of investments in the Philippines, especially in the foreign entities’ participation in the country’s “Build, Build, Build” program.

The Philippines prior Trade Policy Reviews in the GATT and WTO took place in 1993, 1999, 2005, and 2012, and the 6th Trade Policy Review is slated to take place in 2025.♦